#886 Pet Savings: Adopt A Pet

28 May

adopted kitten

Caution: Cuteness ahead. Photo via flickr by Pargon.

Your first expense when you decide to get a pet will be purchasing said pet. If you’re looking at getting a goldfish and a bowl then the expenses aren’t going to be great, but when it comes to cats and dogs, pedigreed pets can run anywhere from $500 to $1,000. While adopting a pet is not free, it will be significantly less than buying from a breeder. And many pets for adoption are pure breed and pedigreed.

Adoption costs run from $100 to $350 depending on the cat or dog, which is a fraction of the breeder price. Adoption costs cover spaying and neutering, shots, a clean bill of health from the vet and any foster care expenses. So the fee is a fair estimate of what it cost the shelter or adoption service to bring the pet into your home.

Whether you are a cat or dog person will determine what you get, but here are some thoughts on both cats and dogs. And thoughts on other pets.

Cats and kittens:

  • Cheaper than dogs to adopt, cats and kittens are plentiful in shelters. Spring and summer is high kitten season. Other times of the year it might be harder to find a kitten to adopt. Lots of older cats from are also available for adoption. Either option is great as kittens and cats come already housebroken. They somehow just know how to use the litter box or go outside. All they need is a little love for a lot of reward. My family and I have adoptedĀ  many cats over the years with no issues.
  • Pedigree doesn’t matter. While pedigree does determine the relative personality of a dog, all cats pretty much act like cats… With slight variances in friendliness or leave-me-aloneness, which is usually affected by upbringing from the kitten stage. A well-loved and handled kitten will be a friendlier cat than one that was left alone. After 8-12 weeks of age, the more a cat is left alone, the less it will like people or be cuddly. This is based on personal upbringing and observation of many cats not scientific study, but I think it’s pretty accurate. A pedigreed cat makes no sense to me when all cats and kittens look cute and cuddly no matter what. There are pedigreed, older cats available for adoption, who may very well have been well loved for a long time.
  • You can get a cat or kitten for free if you find an abandoned cat or kittens. This however is a tough situation because they have not been vetted for health like in a shelter and are not spayed or neutered. Both vet bills and spaying or neutering would add up. You’re better off taking a stray to the closet shelter. Or the vet. Both can check for microchips to find the owner, and let you know about its health. Abandoned cats and dogs can have serious issues with worms, mites and fleas. If you want to adopt the cat, you can arrange it with the shelter.
  • You should always spay or neuter. Unless you are a breeder, you should spay or neuter your cat or kitten before you have a litter of surprises on your hands. Male cats are territorial if they are not fixed.
puppies for adoption

Looking at puppies to adopt is hazardous to your heart. Photo via flickr by jeffreyw.

Dogs and puppies:

  • Puppies might be harder to find for adoption in certain areas. There are some areas of the world that are overflowing with stray puppies, and some areas where you can’t find a stray animal anywhere. In the US, Southern states like Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas have large overflows of strays. In places like the Northeast, where there are fewer strays, adoption agencies will bring puppies up from the southern states for adoption. In Europe, places like Italy, Spain and Romania have large volumes of strays and agencies in less stray-prone countries work to bring in puppies for adoption. If you are adopting by bringing a puppy from a high stray area to a low stray area, then the costs will be greater because of transport and care. But if you are set on getting a puppy versus an older dog, this may be the only way to get a puppy age dog.
  • Pedigreed dogs are plentiful. The benefit of adopting an older dog is not only that they’ll most likely already be trained, house broken and socialized, but many are pedigreed with papers from families who bought the dog only to give it up later. If you are set on a certain breed there are breed specific rescue agencies that place pure breed dogs with adoptive families. You can Google the breed’s name along with the word rescue to find breed-specific rescue agencies and opportunities. Most dogs will be from 6 months old to several years old. Pedigrees in dogs will guarantee a certain trajectory of behavior, energy level and other traits.
  • Dogs require a lot more work than cats. Cats mostly get put up for adoption because an older person dies and leaves a cat behind or a move requires the cat to be placed somewhere else. Dogs however are given up for adoption because the family or individual who originally bought the dog did not realized how much work a dog is. Or how rambunctious they are. Or they don’t like their kids get knocked over by the dog. This is all because a dog requires way more hands on training, exercise and attention than a cat. Make sure you’re ready for the dog commitment before adopting a dog.

Both dogs and cats:

  • Mutts are healthier. Usually mixed breeds for cats and dogs are healthier because pedigrees have been interbred, resulting in the desired trait as well as a host of potential health problems. Mixed breeds often avoid these pure bred problems because their gene pool is more varied.
  • Pets are always a commitment. Financially, cats and dogs are a commitment that has to be consciously made. Make sure you have the resources to care for and feed your pet. They don’t need a lot but it is an expense. In terms of lifestyle, getting a pet means you’re committing for their life span. Changing apartments or houses if you are a renter should be considered carefully as many places do not accept pets. If behavior problems arise, it is your responsibility to address the issue constructively, not by just getting rid of the animal.

Other types of pets:

  • Guinea pigs, parrots and other pets besides cats and dogs are available to adopt. It might be a bit more rare to find a non-dog or cat to adopt, but it does happen. If you are looking for a pet that is not a dog or cat, it is worth seeing if a shelter has what you’re looking for.
  • Exotic pets are not a good idea. Pets that have been bred for domesticity are fine. Exotic pets are quite a challenge and should not be considered. They are wild animals with special needs. Many are nocturnal, unfriendly and invasive if released in the wild. The Everglades in Florida are being devastated by pythons that were released by owners who didn’t want them after they grew too big or escaped from exotic pet providers. Steer clear of exotic pets.

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